New ground control point

Good day to everyone

 my name is philos,

i want to establish 3 new control point. i have one reference point (know point) and the distance between all the points are less then 500 m.

can you please help me with a survey techniques (+ procedures) which can help to get a accurate points.

Note: i use a DGPS equipment, mark trimble

You need to be a member of Land Surveyors United - Global Surveying Community to add thoughts!

Join Land Surveyors United - Global Surveying Community

Votes: 0
Email me when people reply –


  • Land Surveyor

    Hi Philos,

    First question is about your equipment. Is it a DGPS or an RTK? DGPS is about one meter, half meter accurate, or if you have a better instrument, you may achieve 20 cm. What is the exact type of your GNSS receiver?

    If you have RTK (survey grade GNSS receiver and Real Time Kinematic corrections from a base station) you can reach 1-2 cm accuracy level.

    Second question is what do you want to do with the control point, and what is your expectations about the accuracy. Do you want to use that point as base for further GPS measurements or base point for total station measurements? What is the relative accuracy you want to reach (maximum error between your points)?

    Third question is the projection. Do you need projected coordinates, or geographical coordinates are enough? Have you got built in transformation, or you need to calculate the transformation parameters on the site?

    Generally we need more information about your project, your aims, your instrument, your map projection, the DGPS (or RTK) correction you can use, etc.

    • thanks you all for your message.

      Hi Peter,

      my equipment is a DGPS, those control point will be used for the aerial survey that why i need a high accuracy.

      i will need projected coordinated. after establishing those points i will do the site calibration to get the local site coordinate system.

      • Land Surveyor

        Hi Philos,

        I've asked the type of your GPS because the answer DGPS is not detailed enough. Depending on the equipment, the DGPS message type, the distance from the DGPS base the accuracy can be 10 cm or 1 meter as well. Some of the DGPS capable GPS instruments can store raw GPS measurements and can processed later as post-processed differential GPS measurement, which is more accurate. Some instruments has dm capability, and it can reach 10 cm accuracy if real time DGPS beacon signal received from a base which is closer than 50 km.

        If you can log only real time positions, you can try to calculate a long time average from the positions, but this averaged coordinate will be only 2-3 times better than the original accuracy level of your instrument (I mean the estimated error will be around the half  or the one third of the single position error).

        So please accurately describe the type of your instrument (brand, type, version), the DGPS type you can receive (RTCM 1, 2, 3), and the distance between your points and the distance from the DGPS Base Station.

  • Land Surveyor
    What I would do for the best result is set the base on one of them and localize the base to the known point. then shoot a second point RTK, and use that for a good azimuth. Set up an instrument and shoot between all three, horizontal distance and vertical difference, make those observations relative to the one known point and then localize on your three known values. Doing it this way about the easiest. And being within 500m your very safe in not having a big difference between grid and ground
  • Land Surveyor
    Exactly what equipment are you using?
    • I have got a DGPS

    • Land Surveyor

      knowing the coordinates of the ''known point'', you can use it as the base location and traverse on the other points using DGPS in static mode for better accuracy or in Real Time Kinematic (RTK) mode.

      • Hi abraham,

        if i use the static mode, for how long observation would i set at each point.

      • O.K., I don't want to steal your thread or anything. I know what DGPS is, I use it on my boat offshore. What coordinate base are you referring to? State Plane grid, rectilinear surface coordinates or absolute geodetic (latitude/longitude). Since you are using GPS, I assume you must be using a geodetic grid or latitude/longitude but with DGPS that is not necessarily 100% true. Am I wrong in thinking it could be a local, job specific grid? I am not an expert on this. I have learned a lot but I know just enough to get confused at times.

This reply was deleted.

Answer As your Facebook Page

Members Do Not See Ads

Latest Discussions by Category

Help Us Preserve and Promote Land Surveying

Members Do Not See Ads


Land Surveyor Community Forum

Most land surveying related topics are evergreen - meaning the topics of discussion are many times timeless.  If you have a question regarding Land Surveying in general, this is the place to ask your questions.    

Add Discussion

Find a Hub Forum to Post In

Forums for  Hubs for Land SurveyorsHowever, if you have a questions regarding a specific type of Land Surveying Equipment, Surveying Software, Land Surveying History or other topics related to land surveying, you will find that our Community Hubs all have dedicated forums.   Asking your questions inside these Hub Forums will ensure that you are asking a targeted audience of land surveyors who are following those topics.

Forums for Location Based Chapter Hubs for Land SurveyorsLikewise, you will find that all of our Location Based Chapter Hubs have dedicated forums for discussing land surveying topics related to specific locations around the world.  Asking your question inside the appropriate place inside the community will most likely get you the most feedback.   Enjoy!  We look forward to helping you solve your problem or expand your knowledge of land surveying.

Below are the categories for our general forum which spans entire global community.

Find Hubs Based on Location, Equipment or Type
Global Surveyor Map (members)

More from Land Surveyor Forum