A site planning survey is a type of land surveying required by local governing jurisdictions for building permit applications. It is used to plan developments and propose improvements of a site before construction starts. More specifically, a site planning survey is often done for designing commercial sites, industrial sites, residential areas, and road infrastructure.
Site planning surveys typically make use of elements of both topographic and boundary surveys. They involve topography, grading, fencing, utility locating, and calculating lot coverage, among others.