Expert Land Surveying Articles (64)

Sort by
Land surveying is a profession that helps people measure land and create maps. It can be dangerous because it involves working in tough and unpredictable conditions, like construction sites and mountains. Surveyors must take safety precautions, like wearing safety gear and using the right tools, and be aware of the risks of diseases and legal issues. With the right knowledge and training, surveyors can stay safe.
The subject area of land surveying is very interesting and to become a licensed land surveyor you need to understand and be able to put into practice a wide range of land survey formulas as the majority of land surveying is based around mathematics and physics. In today's guide we shall look at land survey formulas in more detail.  And if you are a Land Surveyor, here is an entire forum and hub for sharing surveying formulas.
Receiving an estimate of costs for a survey from a Registered/Professional Land Surveyor takes very little effort and is easier than you may think.  A surveyor first needs a copy of your Warranty Deed in which a description of your land helps determine an accurate estimate.  The cost of a Land Survey is directly related to the total time and effort involved for the survey.  When receiving an estimate for a survey keep in mind that all Land Surveyors assume the worst possible scenario in calculating an estimate for you.  Competitive rates for the majority of Land Surveyors in your area should also be expected. 
Surveyors tools are basically any device that doesn't necessarily require a specialized skill set to use. A total station is a very sophisticated device that takes extensive training and knowledge to operate with the degree of precision required to meet the standards expected by either legal restrictions and regulations, the client, or both.
For modern day Land Surveyors, this is nothing new.   Surveying has been around for a very long time. It is known as the second oldest profession and men have been practicing it since early 3000 BC. It was used in ancient Egypt when they built the pyramids, and was used by the Roman Empire to establish tax registers of conquered lands. Surveying requires a skill in mathematics and was one of the first professions to be licensed.
The most satisfactory method in surveying small areas is the relative positioning of the control points that are calculated in a co-ordinate system rather than directly plotted by scale and protractor. This method allows all errors to be adjusted and it doesn't depend on any angle-measuring device. Using this survey research method plotted stations are independent and are plotted from precise calculations.
What is a Building Surveyor? A building surveyor is going to be the go-to-guy for any kind of construction or property building ideas, concerns, or questions. The building surveyor usually can be found around new construction being done, but their main focus and specialty is with caring for the project after the original construction has been completed. The surveyor needs to be well-versed in a number of important areas of general construction including repair, restoration, sustainability, design, and maintenance.
What is a Quantity Surveyor? A Quantity Surveyor is a professional person who has been educated, trained and qualified to manage cost effectiveness in building projects. From their initial calculations, they must have a cost discipline that enables them to estimate and monitor exactly how much a building is going to cost to build, and then advise a procurement strategy.
One of the first things building surveyors need to do when inspecting the property is to take notes of the character and description of the property, that is, whether detached, semi-detached, terraced, end of terrace and number of storeys. It is recommended to take note of the overall length of the terrace, if terraced house, and check for any signs of movements or rebuilding to other parts of the terrace.
The ability to read and use a variety of maps is crucial in land surveying.  Land surveyors begin with a large-scale map in order to make a landscape-level plan.  After the land surveyor determines the need for specific projects a stand-level map will be required.  Two kinds of stand-level maps include: Transportation maps and Topographic maps.
Land surveyors are mainly involved with land features and water boundaries. Prior to a building or housing complex being built, the land must first be ruled acceptable for construction. The job outlook for ambitious land surveyors is promising, and the earnings can be considerable.
All about the types of Land Surveying Markers & Monumentations. Land survey markers or land survey monuments are objects that are placed in marking major survey points on the earth’s surface. They are placed for use during surveys and for possible following surveys to come. Markers are typically durable and are often intended to be permanent. They can be as straightforward as a chisel mark or nail to as complex as stamped metal disks that are set into concrete or rock pillars.

Summary: With the rapid advancement in the GIS field, land surveying has been easier in most aspects. Professional land surveyors provide data for the GIS and use the data to provide more accurate, and less expensive surveys. 

The advancement of GIS has resulted in a demand from clients of land survey firms to have all of their digital data delivered in a GIS format creating a need for many small and mid-sized firms to build and maintain a GIS department. Spatial data should be well documented so that it can be used for the application that is suited. 

Surveyors mine the GIS database of attributed geometry by following hyperlinks within the application environment. The GIS gathers information captured from previous surveys and projects to help users locate documentation and information quickly. Fast location and access saves time, reduces cost, and improves productivity. In the past 30 years, the pace of advancement for the computer-based software tools is so rapid that the surveyors can

Summary: Maps are for locating and managing your city’s information. GIS mapping has been used to create highly convoluted and accurate maps from the given data. There are many useful benefits of GIS mapping apart from creating detailed maps of the cities. Let’s see how GIS mapping can be used in so many different ways. 

A lot of industries around the world are using GIS virtually to create maps that communicate, perform analysis, share information and solve complex problems around the world. Maps have made the professional environment easier and more efficient. GIS technology applies geographic science with tools for collaboration and understanding. It helps to gain actionable intelligence from all types of data.

Some of the amazing benefits of GIS mapping include:

1. GIS Mapping Helps in Asset Management:

3742286850?profile=RESIZE_710x

 A GIS helps in sorting the infrastructure and utilities that lie beneath the city’s streets, curbs and sidewalks. GIS mapping is used to make detailed maps of these utility areas, like

It’s fortunate that the world is realizing that common problems can’t be solved unless intervention is made and intervention is impossible without visualization, and thus without maps. Mapping is a central function of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), which provides a visual interpretation of data. This defines the power of “where”.  

To give you a brief idea, here’s what GIS enables:

  • Customer Service: Higher customer engagement and communication. 
  • Data Management: Collection, organization, and integration of data. 
  • Asset Management: Maintenance and management of infrastructure data. 
  • Field Mobility: Collection and assessment of data from the field. 
  • Operational Awareness: Data integration for operational readiness.
  • Planning and Analysis: Organization of data into actionable information. 

Map usage is becoming democratized with the creation and usage is not limited to the privileged few. As more and more people are realizing the importance of maps, in making the world a better place, more

Share your Surveyor Articles

Surveying Articles is a place for members to Share Land Surveying related articles, presentations and knowledge with the Land Surveyors United Community. Post or embed articles for future generations of land surveyors.

Surveying Articles and Presentations

Do you have an article about Land Surveying that you would like to share?

Land Surveying is a timeless art and science and it is therefore, evergreen! You may also know that a lot of older publications have gone away, unfortunately.   If you have written or published land surveying articles in the past, we would be honored for you to share them here with us.  If it is an older article, you can even republish it here with updates and reflections.  

class="block"Tip:   If you published an article in the past on one of the older sites which no longer exist, you can use the Wayback Machine to find it.  Then just copy/paste the old article inside a new post here.  Just be sure to tell us where it was previously posted.

Want to embed a PDF Document?

 If you have a PDF document or article related to land surveying that you would like to embed inside an article post, simply copy/paste the following code block into the HTML view of the post editor and replace the BOLD part of the code with the URL of the PDF you'd like to embed.   

Code to use:

<iframe src="https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=https://landsurveyorsunited.github.io/cssfiles/manuals/Surveying-Photos-Submitted-Land-Surveyors-United.pdf&embedded=true" frameborder="0" height="500px" width="100%"></iframe>

TIP:  You can also upload your PDF using the file upload button and then copy/paste the URL of the document you uploaded with the BOLD part of the code above to get a flippable PDF like so:

Uploading PDF land surveying documents to Surveying Articles

Differences between Forums, Blogs and Article posts

Forum Posts are great for asking questions which have a definate answer.  Forum posts are best for a quick exchange of information between Land Surveyors United members.   Please note that All Community Hubs have their own dedicated Forums so if your post is related to a specific hub, it is best to ask your question or share your tip inside the hub in which it belongs for targeted answers.  For example, if your question relates to Leica equipment, ask your question inside the Leica Hub forum for best results as all members inside that hub uses the equipment in question.  Likewise if your question pertains to a Location, you should consider making your post inside the appropriate hub.

Add Discussion

Blog Postsdiffer from Forum posts because you can embed and upload different kinds of information.  Blog posts are best for presenting information and updates for feedback and sharing.  When posting a Blog Post, you can also publish a short excerpt at the bottom which is what most members will see before reading the blog post.  Blog posts are also great for posting new surveying projects and digests of links to multiple surveying topics or your own website.   Things that can be embedded into Blog Posts are videos, images, slideshows, powerpoints, spreadsheets, PDFs, documents and more.

Add Blog Post

 

Articles are similar to Blog Posts in all ways except one.  Articles allow for you to post an Author Block at the bottom with links to your contact info, website information, credentials, etc. Similar to Blog Posts, things that can be embedded into Blog Posts are videos, images, slideshows, powerpoints, spreadsheets, PDFs, documents and more.  Similar to both types above, Hub Owners can add article sections and features to any hub they control on the community.

Add Article

Land Survey Guides