The following is an organized list of web resources that users may find helpful in furthering their research. These resources are not produced or maintained by the Map and Geography and we are not responsible for their content.
Calculators and Tools
Great Circle Distance Calculator
Calculate distances using great circles, NOT road distances!
Decimal Degrees to Degrees, Minutes, and Seconds
Converts between decimal degrees and degrees/minutes/seconds and back again
Coordinate Conversion -- GSRUG Online Computation
Converts latitude/longitude to UTM and UTM to latitude/longitude. From Natural Resources Canada
Mathematical Data for Bibliographic Descriptions of Cartographic Materials and Spatial Data
Conversions, definitions, and source materials for bar scales, measurements, prime meridians, and coordinates. Compiled by Jan Smits, Map Curator Koninklijke Bibliotheek.
Online Distance and Length Conversion
Convert modern and ancient distance measures.
Cartographic Reference Resources
Among other resources, includes map projections and map scales. Compiled by the map library at the University of Texas at Austin.
Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) - What are Metadata?|
Definitions of metadata and geospacial metadata.
FGDC Don't Duck Metadata
"A short reference guide for writing quality metadata." (Opens as a PDF.)
Ten Most Common Metadata Errors
A helpful document produced by the FGDC and the National Metadata Cadre. (Opens as PDF.)
Essential Metadata Elements
A set of recommended metadata elements that can be used for the development of organizational metadata and templates. (Opens as a PDF.)
A guide for converting USMARC coding to FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Put together by UC Santa Barbara's Alexandria Digital Library
A guide for converting FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata to USMARC
The reverse of the guide above.
FAQs on FGDC metadata
The USGS answers questions about FGDC metadata. (Care to buy a vowel?)
Formal metadata: information and software
The USGS provides information on FGDC metadata standards and related software.
Let's Save Metadata
An editorial from SpatiallyAdjusted.com written by James Fee about metadata, its uses, and its future.
Infomine: Scholarly Internet Resource Collections: Maps & GIS
University of California Library System's database of map and GIS resources.
Internet Resources for Geographers
Maintained by the Department of Geography at the University of Colorado at Boulder. Includes Web sites, journals, reference materials, professional associations, map collections.
Online Map Catalogs in North America and Europe
Article with web links by David Allen, Map Librarian at the State University of New York at Stony Brook
The Newberry Library
Home of an extensive Map Collection and the Herman Dunlop Smith Center for the History of Cartography.
National Archives Cartographic and Architectural Records
The National Archives holds large amounts of cartographic information documenting the history of the United States.
University of Texas - Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection
Cartographic Reference Resources provides links to a wide range of tools and resources.
Harvard Map Collection
Pennsylvania State University
Donald W. Hamer Maps Library
University of California, Los Angeles
Cartographic Resources: Maps, Atlases, GIS
University of California, Santa Barbara
Map & Imagery Laboratory
The Alexandria Digital Library
Created at the University of California, Santa Barbara
University of of Florida
Map & Imagery Library
University of Oregon
Map & Aerial Photography Library
University of Washington
Map Collection and Cartographic Information Services Unit
Map Societies Around the World
List of organizations active in the history of cartography.
Road Map Collectors Association
Includes information on official state highway maps, commercially produced maps, and publisher date codes.
International Society for the History of the Map
Seems to still be under construction in certain areas, but they provide excellent map-related news and some miscellaneous resources.
Please note that inclusion of a specific dealer or source should not be construed as an endorsement of the products available or the companies selling them.
Produces various print and CD-ROM products including a popular Atlas & Gazetteer series currently comprising 30 U.S. States. Based in Freeport, ME.
East View Cartographic
Vendor for information products and services from Russia and former Soviet republics - based in Minneapolis, MN. Expanding to worldwide coverage with continued strength in Soviet-produced materials.
German vendor selling topographic and scientific maps and atlases. International coverage.
International Antiquarian Mapsellers Association
Includes dealer directory, links to map fairs and dealer catalogs, and bibliography of titles useful for collectors.
International Map Trade Association
Directory to companies that create and sell cartographic products
National Geographic Store
Books, maps, globes, educational materials, amd videos.
Based in Burlington, NC, the Map Division is a major distributor of maps, globes, and teaching materials. Specialty is international mapping, and they offer maps for nearly all countries and regions of the world. Topographic maps are available at various scales.
Travel maps and atlases for Mexico.
Rand McNally is a provider of geographic information and services in both print and electronic media for travel, reference, education, and entertainment.
Russia Online, Inc
Maps and atlases for Russia, other former Soviet Union nations, and Eastern Europe.
World of Maps
Maps, travel books, and computerized mapping, with a focus on Canadian topographic maps and aeronautical charts
Map Cataloging Manual (LC G&M)
Sponsored online by The Library Corporation as part of the "Cataloger's Reference Shelf."
A set of cataloging tools created or linked to by Terry Reese, Oregon State University.
Western Association of Map Libraries Map Librarian's Toolbox
Many links to sites with basic information on maps and map publishers.
American Library Association, Map and Geospatial Information Round Table
ALA-MAGIRT's bi-monthly newsletter
US Daily Weather Maps Project
An NOAA project that "provides access to historical daily weather maps" 1871-2004. You'll need to use different pages and different search engines to search for certain time periods but these are clearly marked.
Daily Weather Maps
Weather maps from 2003 to the present.
NCSA Short List of Interesting Weather Links
Provides links to several sites that give weather conditions and forecasts at the local, national, and international levels.
Illinois State Climatologist Office
So you don't think that we have exciting weather? Check out this page of interesting maps and data.
Local Climatological Data Online
Daily weather statistics for weather stations across the United States. Illinois stations include Chicago O'Hare (ORD), Rockford (RFD), Moline (MLI), Peoria (PIA), and Springfield (SPI).
Climate Prediction Center
Provides weather forecasts for the next week or the next month, along with climatic information on events such as El Nino and La Nina, tropical storms, and other weather-related data.
National Climatic Data Center
Self-advertised as the "World's Largest Archive of Weather Data."
US Climate at a Glance
From the National Climatic Data Center. Offers national maps of mean temperature and preciption by month from 1900 to the present. Regional, state, and some city data that can be graphed.
NCDC - Climatic Extremes and Weather Events
A National Climatic Data Center site which provides links to data and descriptive information about severe weather events in recent history. Covers hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, temperature extremes, and other severe weather happenings. For some events, radar, and/or satellite images are provided.
Tornado Project Online
All kinds of interesting information about tornadoes, from personal experiences and myths about tornadoes to summaries of recent and historical tornadoes and an explanation of the Fujita scale used to classify tornadoes.
NASA Online VLF Receiver
Listen to the very low frequency (VLF) "songs of the Earth" live!! Including the "sferics," "tweeks," and "whistlers" of lightning.
Surface Wind Map
The data is supplied by the National Digital Forecast Database and the map is a really nifty visual! It may be slow to load and they recommend viewing it in Google Chrome.
50states.com - States and Capitals
Provides links to an incredible number of sources of information about individual states of the United States, recreation, demographic statistics, travel information, and information on such things as newspapers and colleges in the state can be easily accessed, and the home site provides answers to questions about the state flag, flower, tree, song, etc. There are also links to maps of the states.
Tourism Offices Worldwide Directory
Links to tourist office websites and surface mail addresses for countries worldwide and states of the US.
The Spatial Turn
Written by Dr. Jo Gudli, an historian at the Harvard Society of Fellows, a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in Digital History at the University of Chicago, and published author. Part of the Spatial Humanities Project sponsored by the Institute for Enabling Geospatial Scholarship.
Paste in Place: An Information Design Studio
This falls more in the arena of graphic design, but it could be fun and useful for creating your own maps.
Derek Watkins - genius loci, mappings, neogeography
A blog by a grad student in Geography at the University of Oregon.
What Was There
"The premise is simple: provide a platform where anyone can easily upload a photograph with two straightforward tags to provide context: Location and Year. If enough people upload enough photographs in enough places, together we will weave together a photographic history of the world (or at least any place covered by Google Maps)."
Chart Porn: data visualizations that you just gotta love
A fun blog dedicated to sharing neat graphs, charts, and other creatively visualized data.
Maps and the City: Blog on Cartography and Design
A blog dedicated to fun maps and map design. Written by a Public Relations Specialist in Amsterdam. Not the most scholarly but fun and a good place to kick off research.
The Chart Geek: Archive for the 'Geography' Category
More than just maps. Includes interesting visualizations for all kinds of data.
Maps in Literature (website in Italian and English)
Forum specialization in maps of fictional realms.
An Atlas of Cyberspaces
An atlas of maps and graphic representations of the geographies of the new electronic territories of the Internet, WWW and other emerging Cyberspaces
The Electronic Map Library
Maps of 1990 census data for the United States and major metropolitan areas, including Chicago. Developed primarily by William Bowen from the Department of Geography at California State University Northridge.
A variety of different kinds of maps available. Use this site to keep your print NGS World Atlas up to date.
National Geographic Education
Select Mapping to go to maps.
United Nations Cartographic Section
General maps plus maps for peacekeeping mission areas.
UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library
Fifteen years of maps and other graphics produced on environmental themes. Includes static and interactive graphics.
The Great Globe Gallery
Hundreds of versions of the globe. Links open in a new window.
UC Atlas of Global Inequality
Project of the UC-Santa Cruz Center for Global, International and Regional Studies (CGIRS). Includes maps, graphs, and downloadable data.
Interactive maps of the U.S. Based on Google Maps but includes extras like latitude and longitude and enhanced navigation.
Download free Google Earth.
Maps and driving directions for US, Canada, and Europe.
Houghton Mifflin Social Studies Center
Offers world maps for primary school students.
United States Government Agencies
Central Intelligence Agency
CIA and more at the University of Texas at Austin
Very large selection of scanned maps of all regions of the world, large selection of maps of U.S. and foreign cities, and over 300 U.S. maps including maps of national parks, monuments, and historic sites courtesy of the map library at the University of Texas at Austin. (Look for "electronic maps.") Also includes links to sites for creation of maps of specific areas and for determining driving itineraries, maps, cultural geography, weather, etc. Well organized.
Listing of unclassified maps available for purchase through GPO or NTIS. Includes information on contacts for purchasing.
CIA World Factbook
Includes information on countries of the world. The content of this site focuses on current statistical data with emphasis on economy, government, transportation, geography, and social environment. Also included are appendices and general reference maps.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Online Chart Viewer
Includes charts of US coastlines and continents.
U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Aeronatical and nautical charts
General information including a "Mapfinder."
Cooperative development agreement to make charts web-viewable.
NOAA National Ocean Service
"The nation's principal advocate for coastal and ocean stewardship" and producer of domestic waters navigation aids.
NOAA Nautical Chart User's Manual
Basic information about nautical chart construction and interpretation. PDF files.
General information plus links to weather reports and forecasts.
National Weather Service
"The sole United States OFFICIAL voice for issuing warnings during life-threatening weather situations."
NOAA Weather Radio
Check under "Station Listing and Coverage" for transmitter signal reception maps.
NOAA National Climatic Data Center
Self-advertised as the "World's Largest Archive of of Weather Data."
General information on NOAA's satellite program; includes some viewable images.
NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
National repository for geophysical data; works with the World Data Center and other international programs to acquire data.
National Atlas of the United States
National Atlas of the United States -- 1970
Scanned maps and text from the 1970 print National Atlas. Part of the Library of Congress' American Memory site. Allows zooming and panning. Also includes images from national atlases of the United States from 1870, 1880, and 1890.
United States -- National Atlas
Includes maps and downloadable data describing the United States
USGS Tapestry of Time and Terrain
Geologic map draped over terrain model.
United States Geological Survey
"The USGS is a science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources we rely on, the impacts of climate and land-use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant, and useable information."
USGS Online Store
Search for and order products from USGS and other federal agencies.
USGS Publication Warehouse
Access to over 100,000 USGS publications
New Publications of the U.S. Geological Survey
Monthly listing of publications from all divisions.
Resource for public information, such as assistance in determining what is available and in ordering maps, images, and data.
EROS Data Center
Facility that houses and distributes imagery and remotely-sensed data, including satellite data, plus digital cartographic data from the NMD; includes data query systems.
Originally a cooperative development agreement to make high-resolution satellite imagery available through the web. This is a busy site; response time may be slow.
The National Map
Report of a study done by USGS as the foundation for developing "a database of continually maintained basic spatial data for the United States and its territories that would serve as the Nation’s topographic map for the 21st century."
National Geologic Map Database
Searchable catalog of geologic maps going far beyond USGS publications.
Department of Agriculture
National Resources Conservation Service Data, Maps, and Analysis
Includes links to watershed boundary data, environmental easement boundaries, economic data and analysis, and the National Resources Inventory. (Only the 1997 report is online, however.)
National Geospatial Management Center
Geospatial and watershed datasets among other resources.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Aerial Photography Field Office
A collection of more than 10 million aerial photographs available for purchase. Visit the local Farm Services Agency office, call, or e-mail (email@example.com) for assistance in determining which photographs will fill your needs.
United States Forest Service
Information about map purchases and other data and publications.
Bureau of the Census
Bureau of the Census
Top-level page includes "State & County Quick Facts" which will display map of state with county boundaries and names.
TIGER Mapping Service
Basic mapping and data available for downloading plus selection and viewing of data from 1990 STF1 and STF3 tables.
Statistical Abstract of the United States
Scanned version of the venerable print publication. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.
US Bureau of the Census American Factfinder
Quick statistics and population data; download Census geography in print digital format from Geography section.
Post Offce and Zipcodes
United States Postal Service
No maps but does include a zipcode finder.
Western Economic Research (W.E.R.)
Commercially produced zipcode maps.
Department of Defense
National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA)
"This catalog contains product descriptions, and availability for NIMA produced topographic maps and publications.
Bureau of Land Management
U.S. Bureau of Land Management
BLM is highly decentralized; using this set of web pages may take time. Try the browse button for a good overview of the site.
Official Federal Land Patent Records Site
Information about Federal land conveyance records for the Public Land States. Includes searchable database and web-viewable images of scanned, original land patents.
Geographic Coordinate Data Base (GCDB)
Geographic information representing the Public Land Survey System (PLSS)of the United States computed from BLM survey records (official plats and field notes), local survey records, and geodetic control information.
Location Guide to GLO Survey Plats
A list of organizations, with contact information, that own Government Land Office survey plats, including the formats they are in. Compiled by the Illinois State Library's Map Department.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Geospatial Services
Includes access to free, downloadable data along with links to information about metadata and GIS.
Library of Congress and National Archives
The Library of Congress (LOC)
LOC Country Studies
A continuing series of books prepared by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress under the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program sponsored by the Department of the Army. Most books in the series deal with a particular foreign country, describing and analyzing its political, economic, social, and national security systems and institutions, and examining the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they are shaped by cultural factors.
Maps at The National Archives
Includes both U.S. and world maps.
Board on Geographic Names
The Board on Geographic Names
BGN approves names for official US Federal government use in publications and in conducting government business.
GeoNet Names Server
Non-US place names, excluding Antarctica. Names approved by BGN Foreign Names Committee.
Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
US place names. Database maintained at USGS of names amd approved by BGN Domestic Names Committee. Also includes links to other place name resources.
Federal Geographic Data Committee
Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)
An interagency committee of 17 federal agencies that coordinates the development of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure including the formulation policies, standards, and procedures.
National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)
Administrative background including text of Executive Order 12906, "Coordinating Geographic Data Acquisition and Access: The National Spatial Data Infrastructure," from April 1994 which lead to the formation of the FGDC.
Includes links to the FGDC metadata standard and tools for use including a pretty good workbook.
National Geospatial Data Committee Library
Search for Federal geospatial data over a group of more than 100 spatial data servers.
Fish and Wildlife Service
National Wetlands Inventory (NWI)
Information on the characteristics, extent, and status of the nation’s wetlands and deep water habitats. Includes downloadable data, purchasing information, and interactive wetlands mapper.
Environmental Conservation Online System
Mapping capabilities under "Spatial Query."
National Park Service
Data and Research in the National Parks
Includes links to National Park Service maps, downloadable data, scanned aerial photography, information about NPS GIS applications, and other GIS related links.
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Indian Affairs Geospatial Resource Center
Department of State
U.S. Department of State Background Notes
Country information from the Department of State including human and physical geography, economy, government, history, etc.
Pre-January 2001 archives files.
Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
See list of FHWA Web Sites for links to national road closure information, scenic byways information, and links to state departments of transportation.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics
Includes "The Journal of Transportation and Statistics" and searchable statistical databases.
FAA Air Traffic Control System Command Center
Check to see if the weather is affecting your flight.
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Federal Emergency Management Agency Maps
Includes interactive hazard maps, maps showing declared disasters, and hurricane tracking maps.
Flood Hazard Mapping
Information about flood hazard maps and how to purchase them. Maps can be previewed before purchase. They are large files, however, and may take a few moments to load.
Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Protection Agency
Select "Your Community" from the left frame to generate lists and maps of regulated sites and to see descriptions of local watersheds or the daily forecast of the ultraviolet index.
Surf Your Watershed
Look for a watershed by name, zip code, or by clicking on a map. Includes "Enviromapper" and interactive maps.
National Air and Space Administration (NASA)
NASA Visualization of Remote Sensing Data
Imagery derived from satellite data by the Laboratory for Atmospheres at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and by other groups.
NASA Multimedia Gallery
Photos and videos of the Earth and beyond. Includes extensive list of links to other photograph sites.
National Atlas of Canada Online
In addition to having links to many, many types of maps of Canada, it also includes learning resources and data services.
United Nations Environment Programme Net
Data and country profiles.
United Nations Environmental Programme -- Global Resource Information Database (GRID)
"GRID (1985-present) is a global network of 15 environmental data centres facilitating the generation and dissemination of key environmental geo-referenced and statistical data-sets and information products, focusing on environmental issues and natural resources. GRID centres typically have the ability, expertise and specialized information technology (environmental data management, remote sensing/Geographic Information Systems) to prepare, analyze and present environmental data and information, which are the basis for reliable environmental assessments."
Australian Consortium for the Asian Spatial Information and Analysis Network (ACASIAN)
Data source for Eurasian countries with an emphasis on China.
CERCO (Comité Européen des Responsables de la Cartographie Officielle)
The organization of the European national mapping agencies (NMAs). Only available in French.
Instituto Panamericano de Geografia e Historia (PAIGH)
Only available in Spanish.
e-Atlas of Global Development
Published by the World Bank since 1966. Requires Flash Player.
Glossary of Cartographic Terms
From Maps for America and hosted by U Texas, Perry-Casteñeda Library. The online version of ESRI's Dictionary of GIS Terminology.
Country information from the Department of State including human and physical geography, economy, government, history, etc.
Prepared by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress under the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program.
The World Factbook
Includes information on countries of the world compiled by the Central Intelligence Agency. The content of this site focuses on current statistical data with emphasis on economy, government, transportation, geography, and social environment. Appendices and general reference maps are also included.
Statistical Abstract of the United States
Scanned version of the venerable print product produced by the Bureau of the Census. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Encyclopedia of Chicago
The link leads to the maps in the encyclopedia.