Hi All

Gross errors in measurements will manifest themselves in a traverse misclose. These gross errors are typically a distance and/or bearing error. How would you identify individual bearing and distance measurement errors by analysing a traverse misclose.



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Welcome to the surveying & mapping profession. You are likely already aware that we are moving away from error of closure for adjusting data in favor of positional error. However, the old traverse adjustment methods still have applications. You probably also know that least squares has many other applications in addition to surveying. It is amazing how many things vary with the square or square root of a measurement or quantity.

dear friend, 

Please visit the website "www.esurveying.net", There are excel templates for various types of traverse misclosure using bowditch rule.


A Murali babu


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